Pesticides and fumigation are essential tools for farmers and businesses in Ghana to protect their crops and premises from pests and diseases. Choosing the right company to provide these services is crucial to ensure the safety and effectiveness of the treatments. Here are some of the top pesticide and fumigation companies in Ghana:
Postal Address: 1230 Shuino Road Awudome EstatesContact: 0244784216 / 0276833565E-mail: Send EnquiryU2FsdGVkX18e+wt3f64XEIp72ey9Jp1pOaDmHqHTzNA5tHT5dVQX2pzqM2Fvm1caLocation:Region:Greater AccraWebsite:none ...
Pesticide Use and Misuse in Ghana: A Threat to Food Safety and Human Health
Pesticides are widely used in agriculture to protect crops from pests and diseases. However, their use can also have negative impacts on human health and the environment if not properly regulated and managed.
A survey of 60 farms in the Greater Accra and Upper East Regions of Ghana revealed that chemical control was the sole method used by farmers to manage insect pests, with synthetic insecticides being the most commonly used pesticides.
The most devastating insect pests reported by farmers were aphids, whiteflies, diamondback moths, and grasshoppers, while tomato, okra, cabbage, and garden eggs were the crops most affected by whiteflies.
The frequency of insecticide application was high, with most farmers applying them weekly or less. While 25% of farmers exceeded the recommended dose, most lacked safety equipment, with some improvising using brooms to apply the insecticides. Farmers changed insecticides mainly due to their availability on the market rather than their perceived ineffectiveness or cost.
The storage and disposal of insecticides by farmers were also risky and could potentially harm human health and the environment. This study highlights the need for regular monitoring of insecticide usage patterns to ensure food safety, protect human and environmental health, and prevent or detect resistance at the initial stages.
Pesticide Use in Ghana
The use of pesticides in agriculture in Ghana has contributed to reduced crop loss (Clarke et al. 1997). The importation and use of pesticides, including both the number of chemicals and quantities registered and recorded by the competent authorities and regulators, such as the Food and Drugs Authority (FDA), Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) of Ghana, Ghana Standards Authority (GSA), and the Ministry of Food and Agriculture (MOFA), has increased over the years (Ministry of Food and Agriculture 2011).
This increase can be attributed to the expansion of cultivation areas for food and cash crops in an effort to meet the growing demand for food (Ministry of Food and Agriculture 2003). It can also be linked to the liberalization of the economy and the government’s aim of achieving a middle-income economy as outlined in the country’s Vision 2020 agenda. Additionally, the regulation and registration of pesticides have led to a new economic boom, resulting in an increase in the registration of pesticide products for use in Ghana.
Pesticide Misuse and Its Consequences
However, the use of pesticides has not been without negative impacts on those involved in the food supply chain, including farmers, traders, and consumers. Poor knowledge of farmers about the types of pesticides, their use, and associated risks, as well as ineffective enforcement of pesticide regulations by the government and strong incentives for pesticide traders and users to make profits, have led to an increased use of cheap, mislabeled, and adulterated pesticides in Ghana (Northern Presbyterian Agricultural Services and Partners, 2012; GNA 2012).
Reports of overuse and misuse on crops have been documented, leading to negative effects on productivity, the environment, and human health (Gerken et al. 2001; Amoako et al. 2012; Dinham 2003). Williamson et al. (2008) identified chlorpyrifos, endosulfan, and lambda cyhalothrin as being associated with instances of ill health among